White (light, innocence, purity, joy, triumph, glory)
White symbolizes purity, holiness, and virtue, as well as respect and reverence. White is used for all high Holy Days and festival days of the Church Year, especially the seasons of Christmas and Easter. It is also used for baptism, marriage, ordination, dedications, and funerals.
Red (the Passion, blood, fire, God’s Love, martyrdom)
Red is the color of fire and symbolizes the presence of God. It is the liturgical color for Pentecost. Red can also symbolize the blood of martyrs. It is used for Palm Sunday in anticipation of the death of Jesus.
Green (the Holy Ghost, life eternal, hope, youth, justice)
Green symbolizes the renewal of vegetation and generally of living things and the promise of new life. It is used for the Season of Epiphany between Transfiguration Sunday and the beginning of Lent, and for Ordinary Time between Trinity Sunday (first Sunday after Pentecost) and the beginning of Advent.
Purple (penance, humility)
Purple can symbolize pain, suffering, mourning, and penitence. It is the liturgical color for the Season of Lent. It is also the color of royalty, so traditionally, has been used for Advent.
Gold represents what is precious and valuable. It symbolizes majesty, joy and celebration. Because of its brightness, metallic gold also symbolizes the presence of God. It is most often used with white for high Holy Days and festival days of the Church year, especially the seasons of Christmas and Easter. It is sometimes used as a secondary color for other seasons.